4 of The Most Common Sexually Transmitted Infections
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are an unfortunate reality in today’s society. While advancements are being made in many areas of health and medicine, STIs continue to be a problem – particularly in England and the UK, where there were around half a million new cases reported in sexual health clinics in 2011.
Infections of this kind can be detrimental to fertility and have serious effects on our long term health – so it’s important to be able to identify the signs of STIs and act upon them if and when they occur. But while many of us are aware with the terms and the names of various STIs, telling the difference between each one and knowing the potential effects they have on our body isn’t something we’re all familiar with.
Here is a brief list of some of the most common offenders, and how to recognize them:
One of the most frequently-occurring sexually transmitted infections in the UK today, chlamydia is not always an easy condition to spot, as it can often be symptomless. In cases where symptoms do occur however, sufferers can expect to experience pain during urination, and discharge. Women may also experience irregular bleeding outside of their menstrual cycle. The condition can lead to inflammatory disease or the urinary tract, and infertility.
Urine tests and genital swabs are used to determine whether a person has chlamydia and, once diagnosed, the condition is treated with antibiotics.
Known more commonly as ‘the clap’, gonorrhea is a bacterial disease which has similar symptoms to chlamydia – burning sensations during urination, penile or vaginal discharge, and irregular vaginal bleeding. Much like chlamydia, this type of infection doesn’t always produce obvious symptoms. If left untreated, gonorrhea can have serious consequences, such as pelvic inflammatory disease or infertility.
Gonorrhoea is diagnosed using a swab test. Once identified, it is treated with a course of antibiotics.
This type of infection is characterized by genital or oral sores, which typically remain present for around a couple of weeks to a month, before clearing up. Other symptoms may occur after this, such as a rash or an irritated throat. The health risks associated with syphilis if it is left untreated are very serious – the condition can lead to strokes, paralysis, or even death.
The key to treating syphilis is to catch it early – once diagnosed, it can be treated with a penicillin injection.
Herpes simplex virus (more commonly known as herpes) is transmitted through skin-to-skin contact and is characterized by oral or genital blisters. While this type of infection may not lead to any serious health issues, the symptoms associated with it often reoccur over the long term and can be quite uncomfortable.
At present there is no cure for HSV, but there are a number of products and medicines which can help to ease symptoms.
The information here is not comprehensive. There are a number of other STIs which can cause serious health issues.
If you think you may have an STI, it is vital to get yourself tested. Speak to your GP or local healthcare professional to find out more.
This Article has been written by steve who has recently recovered from an STD for which he was prescribed Doxycycline Medication. He buys his medication from expressdoctor.co.uk.